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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • On behalf of all contributors, I undertake that we are not stealing or misappropriation of intellectual property and not to copy the substantial unattributed textual of another work, otherwise, I (we) bear all the legal consequences. بالنيابة عن المشاركين، أتعهد بعدم السرقة أو التملك غير المشروع للملكية الفكرية والنسخ النصي الكبير المنسوب لعمل آخر، وإلا فاننا نتحمل جميع العواقب القانونية.
  • The manuscript has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration by another journal. اتعهد بان البحث غير منشور مسبقا ولا مقدم الى مجلة اخرى للنشر
  • The co-author(s) have agreed to submit and publish this work. لا يمانع المشاركون من نشر هذا البحث
  • The submission manuscript does not contain the author name(s). لا يحتوي الملف المرفوع على اسماء الباحثين باي مكان
  • The submission is in OpenOffice or Microsoft Word, file format. يجب ان يكون الملف بصيغة الوورد
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Journal of University of Babylon is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. جميع البحوث تنشر تحت هذا القانون من الترخيص

The Journal of University of Babylon [JUB] is a peer-reviewed international journal publishing scientific research articles in the fields of Engineering, Sciences, and Humanities by the University of Babylon, Iraq. The Journal’s full-text articles are published both in print and online, accessible electronically via the journal website http://www.journalofbabylon.com.

JUB is publishing as maximum as 12 issues every year.


Reviewing Policy

All submitted manuscripts to the JUB are subjected to a preliminary review by the editor(s). If the manuscript meets the journal criterion including research scope, language, and format, it will be forwarded to an extensive double-blind peer-review process with at least two external independent expert referees.


Plagiarism Policy

The editorial office will immediately reject any paper leading to more than 20% similarity rate.


Manuscript preparation

Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced. A font size of 12 points (Times New Roman) text is preferred. Manuscripts should be written a clear language. Page numbers should be located on the bottom-center of every page of the manuscript.  The title should be centered at the top of page 1 of the manuscript. Capitalize the first letter of all words. The title should be followed by the author(s) name(s), affiliation(s), and address(es) and e-mail.


Structure of manuscripts

A detailed guide to authors is given below. The manuscripts submitted should be in accordance with these guidelines.



It must be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.


Author names and affiliations



The abstract should be clear and include an objective description of the contents and the major significant findings of the article. The abstract should be structured (aim/background, methods, results, and conclusion).



At the end of the abstract, list 5 - 10 keywords that best describe the manuscript.



It should reflect a brief background of the research and the purpose of its initiation with some related works.


Materials and Methods

A clear description of relevant literature should be included here. The original reference is required for all.


Results and Discussion

Extensive discussion of proposal work and discussion of results shown here.



The conclusions are important.



If necessary.



Citations should be referenced in the text as (Bhaya, 2018). When a citation has one or two authors, cite the reference using the name(s) and the date. When there are more than two authors in the citation, the name of the first author should be used followed by ‘et al’, as (Bhaya et al., 2018).



References should be arranged alphabetically by author’s last name then chronologically per author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed by year followed by the letters a. b. c. etc. (e.g. 2002a, 2002b, 2002c).


Examples of reference listing format

Journal articles

Jenkins, T. G., C. L. Ferrell and A. Roberts. 2000. Lactation and calf weight traits of mature crossbred cows fed varying daily levels of metabolizable energy. J. Anim. Sci. 78: 7-14.


Johnson, E. H., D. Muirhead, R. Al-Busaidy and B. E. Musa. 1998. The ultrastructure of the camel eosinophil. In: proceedings of the third annual meeting for animal production under arid conditions ‘the international conference on camel production and future perspectives’. Publisher UAE University, United Arab Emirates. P 88-95.

Abstracts from conferences and meetings

Hymadan, H. S. 1983. Impact of seedborne pathogens on international movements of seeds.  Phytopathology. 73:784. (Abstr.).

Books and chapters within edited books

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.

O'toole, J. C. and T. T. Chang. 1979. Drought resistance in cereals: Rice-a case study. In: Mussel, H. and R. C.  Stafle, editors. Stress Physiology of Crop Plants, Wiley-Interscience,  N.Y., pp. 373-406.

Handbooks, Technical bulletins, and Dissertation

Goering, H. K., and P. J Van Soest. 1970. Forage fiber analyses (apparatus, reagents, procedures, and some applications). Agric. Handbook No. 379. ARS, USDA, Washington, DC.

Nouri, L. K. and A. R. Hassan. 1973. Studies on soil fertility and fertilizers in Iraq. Tech. Bull. No. 43. Ministry of higher education and scientific research. Baghdad.  Iraq.

Alhadrami, G. A. 1991. Effect of preservatives and maturity on the nutritional value of alfalfa hay for lactating dairy cows. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson.



Should be organized similar to the text, so that the table can be read without turning the page sideways (if possible). Large tables should be avoided. Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title. Column headings should include the International Standard abbreviations(s) of their respective units of measurement included between parentheses.



One set of galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for typographical checking only. It should be returned within three days of receipt. Further changes will not be possible.



Authors will receive a complimentary copy of printed journal upon request.


Publication Fee



Authors must see Editorial Policies, and Copyright and Licensing.