Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>ournal of <strong>U</strong>niversity of <strong>B</strong>abylon for Humanities, (<span style="color: rgb(255, 102, 0);"><strong>JUBH</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBH</strong> is a Humanities peer-reviewed open access journal monthly publishing high-quality research and review papers at the lead of recent research describing significant developments in Human Sciences.</span></p> <p align="justify" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>ISSN:&nbsp;<a title="ISSN:&nbsp;2617-0906" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2617-0906</a></strong></span></p> University of Babylon en-US Journal of University of Babylon for Humanities 2617-0906 The Jurisdiction in Litigation Before the Courts of Administrative Judge: (Comparative Study) الاختصاص في التقاضي امام محاكم القضاء الاداري في العراق)- دراسة مقارنة <p>The theory of jurisdiction in the judiciary , generally, based on elements: functional, qualitative and spatial jurisdiction, and is concerned with identifying disputes that belong to&nbsp; the jurisdiction of each court. It also supposes the multiplicity of courts within the judicial system to simplify litigation procedures and meet the requirements of justice. Therefore, the legislator is concerned with the split the jurisdiction of the courts into different courts. Thus, the administrative judiciary, when it originated in France, evolved in many periods&nbsp; until it reached the diversity and multiplicity&nbsp; that allowed the judiciary to meet the requirements of justice. Consequently the&nbsp; Act of May 24, 1872, authorized the French State Council the jurisdiction of authorized judiciary, after that established the&nbsp; administrative courts in 1957, and courts of appeal in 1987. In Iraq,&nbsp; the Iraqi legislator after had adopted the double justice in the second amendment to the Iraqi State Council Amended Act. No. (65)&nbsp; of 1979. After that enacted the Fifth Amendment to occur An important development in the rules of jurisdiction. However, the legal regulation of these rules still needs a lot of legislative solutions because of the many practical problems raised by the issue of jurisdiction in parallel with the shortage of the relevant legal texts.</p> Sadiq Mohammed Ali Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 27 3 1 21 Post-gender and its Performance in Theatrical Text ما بعد الجّندر وأداءته في النّص المسرحي <p>The alligation vision of the spacebeyond post-gender is considered as one of the most important basic things leave the streotypeshapes, as many of other things will appear at the same body, so it is always go to focus onacquaintanle structure inside different soul’s level between one case and another, The things that made it tokes aproclaim daigrammatic for many structure to spaces and cutting places in the bode. This case is followed for an ages, so these actions will be clear to reclaim the ideas and shapes insidespacial strategic to the changing, and that’s what we want in the space of beyond modernity.</p> Ahmed Dhiya’a Hadi Mohammed Abdul Rida Abu Khudair Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 27 3 22 37 The Legislative Inadequacy in Iraqi Legislators' Regulation to Ending Disciplinary Punishment of Abrogation (Comparative Study) القصور التشريعي في تنظيم المشرع العراقي لإنهاء العقوبة الانضباطية بالإلغاء دراسة مقارنة <p>It is common Knowledge, that the administration cannot working without the human will, that express on it, since then the legislations have given great attention to public official, and his legal situation. the most important concern of public official in this regard, is providing the functional guarantees, including these related with disciplinary punishments, weather from impose its or finding the methods to eliminate its effects. The Iraqi legislator&nbsp; characterized with providing means that enable the public official to eliminating the disciplinary punishments and remove its impacts, not only by judicial means, but through the mandatory petition, as the Iraqi legislator adopted the system of "thanks and appreciation", to remove the impacts of some of disciplinary punishments, and&nbsp;&nbsp; mitigate the others.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>In addition to abrogation&nbsp; the disciplinary&nbsp; punishment after a certain period of time or what was called the&nbsp; revocation, while other legal systems named it erased. It should be noted that while we support the Iraq legislators' view, put this view had been flawed,&nbsp; so this lead as to devote this thesis to deals with this shortcoming by organizing the mean of abrogation the disciplinary punishment after certain period of time.</p> Sadiq Mohammed Ali Qassim Kareem Abbas Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 27 3 38 53 Intellectual Pollution and Intellectual Emptiness and their Relationship to the Single- Mindedness Personality التلوث والخواء الفكري لدى طلبة الجامعة من ذوي الشخصية أحادية العقلية <p>The aim of the study was to identify the pollution and intellectual emptiness of university students with Single Minded Personality, and to know the differences in the variables of the study according to the variables: Gender (male, female), (scientific, human) the sample of the study consisted of (400) male and female students from Al-Muthanna University for the academic year 2018-2017.</p> <p>The measure of intellectual pollution, which consisted of (28) paragraphs, and the intellectual vacuum measure which included (26) and measurement of Single Minded Personality (34) Paragraph (preparation of the researcher),The results of the study revealed the existence of pollution and intellectual emptiness and Single Minded Personality in various degree in the university students, The study also found that there is a correlation between the two variables: gender (males, females), and the study specialization (scientific, human). Intellectual pollution and intellectual and individual intellectual emptiness, and there is a contribution to the pollution and intellectual emptiness in the Single-Minded Personality of university students, and based on these results, the researcher put a number of recommendations and suggestions.</p> Nasser Hussein Nasser Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 54 80 Dispute of Legislative Jurisdiction About Copyright and its Exploitation تنازع الاختصاص التشريعي بشان حق المؤلف واستغلاله <p>Copyright is a source of national and international patronage because it represents a human and moral value as well as its scientific and economic value because, thanks to these intellectual products, human beings enjoy life better, without which life is more difficult and more costly on the material and moral levels; the owners of intellectual property rights extended their productions to humanity And allow people to reach their goals and objectives in the shortest way and less expensive and effort and faster time; and the multiplicity of copyright parties between the author and the publisher and the beneficiary and the aggressor party to the rights of the author, and the different nationality raises the problem of overlapping several laws, This is a conflict between them.The author's work is aimed at the interest of humanity regardless of gender, nationality, state and beneficiary. Here the author's topics will move between more than one law, leading to overlapping in the application of laws related to these rights in terms of the author's rights and obligations This is because we know that there are several laws related to copyright, including the law of the state in which the intellectual production was first published, the personal law of the author, the law in which the copyright was invested, the law of the State where the copyright infringement occurred, He in the event of an attack, is added to the possibility of overlapping conflict law judge.All these laws find justification for applicability but in varying proportions and the judge of the dispute to reconcile between him and here will be raised problematic and questions about what is applicable law in all this? The Iraqi legislator in the Copyright Protection Act No. 3 of 1971 amended the provisions of the patent, but in part did not address the above possibilities, which necessitates that research and answer the questions that Put forward by the possibilities above</p> Habib Obaid Marzah Al-Amari Abdul Rasool Abdul Rida Al-Asadi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 81 121 Geographicl Anyalsis for Death in AL-Qassim Province for Two Year (2000-2005) التحليل الجغرافي للوفيات في ناحية القاسم لسنتي (2000- 2005) <p>The second vital factor affecting population growth deaths, and that the impact is not limited to only change the size of the population, but goes beyond that to the distribution and Kthavthm qualitative and their composition and the age and the duration of their lives, they also give an indication of the progress of health services in the state and death as a phenomenon of biological, social, demographic and geographic.</p> <p>It is located on the rigt sideod shatt aL-Hillah and is bordered by the kefl area on the noet-west side the Hashimiyah ond Ibrahimiyah distvics on the north-east sid and ALshomali distivict to the east and AL-Taliah to the soath and southeast.</p> <p>The most importaut conclusions were:</p> <p>1-The elements of climate have an indirect role in the mortality rate in the area of the denominator in its impoct on some diseases .</p> <p>2-the presen toge of death in the stuty area betwean unban and rural area duving the stdy period has reached the unban mortality rate (33,5- 66,5) on the squel . on the other haud , while the raral mortality rate (42,4- 57,6) on the sequel .</p> <p>3-As for the variance of death by cause ,the mortality rate due to illness on the cause of accideuts has increased in both years . it has reached (70,8 – 68,9) it is due to diseases . while the proportion the cause of accedant (24,3- 31,1) on the sequl.</p> <p>4- Males outnumber Femal by genderand cause.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Amar Shanbara Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 122 146 The Use of Magnesium Carbonate in the Production of Various Ceramic Surfaces استخدام كاربونات المغنيسيوم في انتاج سطوح خزفية متنوعة <p class="NoSpacing" style="text-align: justify; text-indent: 27.0pt; direction: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed;"><span class="tlid-translation"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">This study deals with the study of the effectiveness of magnesium carbonates in the production of various ceramic surfaces, which is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the problem of research, which is determined by the following question: Can different ceramic surfaces be produced using magnesium carbonates? , And the importance of research and the need for it through the shedding of a light knowledge of how simple to invest this material in the production of ceramic surfaces with various technical effects. The objective of the study is to: Recognize the effectiveness of magnesium carbonate in the production of various ceramic surfaces. The second chapter included the theoretical framework and previous studies, which dealt with: density - temperature of the transformation of the glass - match the glass - magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) The third chapter: included the search procedures, which included the materials and vehicles used and working mechanism. The fourth chapter included the results of the research. Chapter 5 included the conclusions, as well as the recommendations and proposals. The most important results of the research: 1 - can produce various ceramic surfaces influenced by magnesium carbonate. The effect of magnesium carbonate on the appearance of ceramic surfaces with various effects and shapes is strongly related to viscosity, density and melting point. The most significant results are: 1. The effect of magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) in glass, not only on the nature of the show, is the effect of magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) in the appearance of ceramic surfaces, But also the concrete representation, to produce non-traditional ceramic surfaces, some of which were closer to special effects. </span></span></p> Nabeel Ma Allah Radhi Samer A. Hamza Al-karaade Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 147 159 Obligations of Licensee to Combat Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing التزامات المرخص له في مكافحة غسل الاموال وتمويل الارهاب <p>The money – Iaundering and terrorist financing process is a process that negatively affects the economic teality of any country , including lraq , since money laundering and terrorist financing ate largely related to illegal activities . Most of the anti-money laundering and terrorist financing legislation requires licensed entities of the requirements to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism, so we discussed the obligations of the licensee to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism in order to shed light on these obligations of the licensed parties.</p> Luma Wahab lbrahim Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 160 174 Al Fasila Al-Quraniea and its Impact on the Trans Formations of the Qur Anic Discourse in the Stories of Abraheem and Mousa (beace be ubon them) الفاصلة القرآنية وأثرها في تحولات الخطاب القرآني في قصتي إبراهيم وموسى (عليهما السلام) <p>&nbsp;The idea of this research circles around discovering the role of “Quran Break” in changes of “ Quranic dis course” in the story of probhet Ibrahim and Musus-beace be up on them- that is the holy Quran&nbsp; especially in its stories emphasihes on its systematic rytm ,If there is amusical rythm in the “ Ayat evidences” them the exact pronounciation&nbsp; leads to an acontextual meaning and also leads to an accordance in rhythm. Thus, the variety in the “ Break” cames for two purposes, first, the harmony in phonetics and rhythm for the pronounciations, the scond, meaning and context. Since the holy Quran doesnot focus on “break” in comparison to meaning and context , but it chooses the “ break”&nbsp; with atteation to meaning and context the musical bell for bronaunciation&nbsp; and the endings and the whole atmosphere.</p> <p>The plan of the research is concerned with “reduceness” of the quranic break and this has three points:-</p> <p>&nbsp;First,coming and backing. Second, deletion, third, alteration between the noun and the verb.</p> Heba Kamel Khefeif Aqeel Akmous Abed Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 175 191 10.29196/jubh.v27i3.2585 Application of Information Technology in the Babylon University to Support the Scientific Research Process the Central Library and its Effect in Supporting as an Example تطبيق تكنولوجيا المعلومات في المكتبات الجامعية واثرها في تدعيم عملية البحث العلمي <p>This paper aims at exploring how far students of higher studies (Masters and PhD) use information technology available in the Babil University's Central Library and the possibility of making use of the library to gather data and information used in a scientific research.</p> <p>To achieve this aim, the researcher surveyed a sample of higher education students of both sexes from different colleges of the university to give a clear picture of how students of higher education make use of resources available in the library and how far these resources meet their academic needs. The paper also examines the challenges faced by the students and proposes solutions to smooth out these challenges and improve services rendered by this library. Descriptive analysis was used and required information was collected by using a questionnaire distributed to a sample of (60) higher education students registered in the library. Main results of the study were:</p> <ol> <li>Approximately (56%) of students responding to the questionnaire use the library on a weekly basis to make use of its electronic services. They expressed that more services are needed to meet their research needs.</li> <li>The study showed that most students (75%) making use of the library were of scientific disciplines by copying CDs and theses, while students of literary disciplines mostly use books, journals and references for their researches.</li> <li>The study showed that (75%) of students respondents to the questionnaire used computerized indexing available in the Central Library.</li> </ol> <p>Main recommendations of the study include:</p> <ol> <li>Compliance with the standards used by university libraries including providing adequate furnisher, heating and cooling equipment, comfortable flooring, good lightening, etc. This will prompt increased numbers of higher education students to use the library.</li> <li>The Babil University library should be computerized and digitized and add more modern electronic sources of all scientific and human disciplines through subscribing in international websites that ensure modern digital environment.</li> <li>Updating the computerized indexing available in the library by addressing the few shortcomings in the indexing system, adding new fields, fixing typos, and providing guidance on how to use the computerizing indexing.</li> </ol> Mohammed Hadi Jasim Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 192 214 " Al -Rawd Al -Nadir Fi Aerfyat Al-Ealam Ela Al-Dhamir" By Sayyid Muhsin ibn Muhammad Al-Ghuraifi Al-Bahrani(14 century) (الرَّوْضُ النَّضِير فِيْ أَعْرَفِيَّةِ العَلَمِ عَلَى الضَّمِير) للسَّيِّدِ مُحْسِنِ بنِ محمَّدٍ الغُرَيْفِيّ البَحْرَانِيّ (ق14) <p>It is clear to the people of science and knowledge,The great importance of Codicology; because its the basis on</p> <p>which our manuscript heritage is based on the presentation of works and books to the light, to form a nucleus from which students of science and knowledge in their works.</p> <p>In our Arabic heritage, the linguistic axis is full of a large number of scientists who filled the world with their scientific results. Among these is the book " Al -Rawd Al -Nadir Fi Aerfyat Al-Ealam Ela Al-Dhamir)," It is a manuscript of Sayyid Muhsin ibn Muhammad Al-Ghuraifi Al-Bahrani, a scholar from the fourteenth century AH, in which he discussed the views of senior grammarians Considering that the consciousness of (Pronoun) on(Noun)is a term not supported by a linguistic guide can be relied upon,He responds to them with evidence that he sees, and thus tends to turn who makes the (Noun) The best.</p> <p>The research is divided into two chapters: Chapter One: Author's translation, subject of the book, description of the copy, verification of the book's name, title, title and date of authorship. The second chapter: descriptive study of the book. Using the whole descriptive and analytical approach as an excuse in this research.</p> Mostafa Sabah Al –Janabi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 230 243 Tandem and Subscribing and Their Impact in the Interpretation of the Fundamentalism الترادف والاشتراك وأثرهما في التفسير عند الاصوليين <p>The study dealt with the tandem and the participation and their impact in the fundamentalism of the party understanding of the synonyms and common words and how to deal with linguists and interpreters and fundamentalists with them and how to employ them in the process of interpretation after the meanings and therefore the tandem is the existence of two words of one meaning while the participation is the existence of the meaning of one word and that the participation is on the first type is the moral meaning that the word is the subject of one meaning and this type involves multiple meanings while the second type is the verbal to be put the meaning of the term and then put to another meaning and may be placed for the third or more that the synonymity possibility and possibility of occurrence and failure rak and the possibility of its potential occurrence.&nbsp;</p> Blazem Aziz Zamili Muna Yass khudair Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 230 243 Significance of Grammatical Methods in the Verses of the Remade دلالة الأساليب النحوية في آيات المعاد <p>This study attempts to study the significance of the grammatical methods in the verses of the Re ut. The research method required that I divide it into four questions: the question of thequestion, the significance of the order, the significance of the appeal, and the significance of the section. The most important thing is to search for results.</p> Hassan Obeid Al- Mamory ZahraaZaid Al- Shimray Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 244 257 Decorative Structure in the Configurations of Arabian Font البنية الزخرفية في تكونيات الخط العربي <p>The decorative structure in the configurations of Arabian font is one of the changes that happened in the structure of font's configurations, via the study implemented on the font's configurations by the researcher, he found that it is worthy to be studied so he specified the problem of research with the following query " <em>What is the decorative structure in the configurations of Arabian font?</em>". The study aimed to identify the decorative structure in the configurations of Arabian font while the researcher dealt with the theoretical frame via two section, in the first one (<em>Decorative phenomena in the configurations of Arabian font</em>), while second section was about ( <strong>Structural characteristics in the Arabian letter</strong>), while he dealt in the third chapter with (procedures of research, he follows the depictive analytical method and he determines the population of research and it's sample with 10% to be two samples of Kofi font) (and two samples of Thuluth font) then fourth chapter dealt with the research's results, that most important ones are ( font configurations were featured with formal balance) through repeating words and letters to achieve a "geometric system of a decorative structure).</p> <p>Most important conclusions were ( Possibility of employing the Arabian font as an alternative to the decoration to produce a decorative structure) due to the ability of the Arabian to forming, then comes the recommendations which are :</p> <p>1-Making use of the results of research.</p> <p>2-Supplying the university libraries with such references.</p> <p>The researcher has suggested to apply a study of " Font configurations implemented on metals".</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mona Kathem Hashem Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 258 265 Objectivity and Subjectivity to Explain and Interpret the Author's Online Legal Rights الموضوعية والذاتية في شرح و تفسير حقوق المؤلف القانونية عبر الإنترنت <p>In general, human behaviors, whether appropriate and inappropriate or permissible and impermissible, that are of a composite entity consists of physical and non-physical elements.</p> <p>Perhaps, these simple lines are considered one of the biggest problems facing the scientific methodology in studying the human and the surrounding social phenomena.</p> <p>The closest terms of jurisprudence that tackle this problem through study and analysis are called "Objectivity and Subjectivity". The object, in general, means something exists in an external world that can be recognized by sense and subjects to experiments. It achieves isolation and independence from human by this tangible physical existence.</p> <p>The subject is the essence, content and personality of the thing. To make human the focus to study the subject and object in accordance with the previous principles of object and subject as he is a tangible physical entity,&nbsp; we find that the human physical existence is the object and human mind and free will are the subject.</p> <p>Objectivity is the perception of things as they are without desires, interests or self-tendencies. It is merely facts based upon a mind that is free from biases and prejudices, resulting in an analysis called knowledge. If the objective effort in research and analysis is dedicated based upon the individual's autonomous mind with his experience or study benefiting from his scientific and practical experiments and the resulting taste and feeling,&nbsp; this cognitive product will be called the auto cognitive product as it is the source of subject rather than the abstract reality.</p> <p>The issue is more precise and needs to be considered further concerning the type of phenomenon that is studied and analyzed by the researcher. If the phenomenon was natural, its physical monitoring, even it was external, would be enough for analysis and giving a result close to the fact and logic.</p> <p>If the phenomenon was human, the monitoring and analysis of the natural phenomenon would not be enough and it would be unacceptable because</p> Ammar Ghali Abdulkadhim Al-isawi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 266 287 Official Political Institutions and Party System in the Kingdom of Belgium المؤسسات السياسية الرسمية والنظام الحزبي في مملكة بلجيكا <p>The Kingdom of Belgium was able to achieve political stability despite the existence of a very complex diversity (religious, ethnic, and linguistic). The Kingdom's adoption of the federal model as a method of administration and the decentralization of the authorities strengthened the principle of participation in decision-making and balancing between regions, Political process, through which it resolved the splits and conflicts that have been known to Belgium since the beginning of its inception, as well as the principle of democratic consensus, which helped significantly in the existence of alliances and wide led to contain crises language and nationalism, which has long threatened the stability and unity And taking into account the principle of proportional representation of minorities and ethnic groups, was based mainly on the peaceful transfer of power, which was one of the important foundations for the political stability of the political system in the Kingdom of Belgium.</p> Hafeth Ibrahim Malik Majed Mohi Abdel-Abbas Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 288 302 Ecology in European Art Ages 12-19 مظاهر الايكولوجيا في الفن الاوربي القرن 12-19م <p>The research topic (Ecology in Art Europe ages 12-19 ) of four doors was devoted to the first section of the introduction and ended with a number of questions about the problem of research and the purpose of research and importance and the need for mechanical and also dealt with the first two sections on the essence of ecology The second topic dealt with the ecology and historical roots In Art, the second part included the research procedures. The sample of the research consisted of five models, which were analyzed according to the descriptive analytical method and by adopting the indicators reached by the researcher through the first section. The most important of which was: 1-The ecological relationship between the artist and the medieval period was characterized by the character of symbolism and the predominance of the metaphorical perception of the representation of the ecological artist's relationship to the environment based on ideas. The world of sense is the illusion of the artist's self-feelings and temperament, looking to the heavenly cities as an environment of order and virtue as in the sample (1) 2. The ecological nature of the Renaissance artist was characterized by an adaptive nature that depended on observation, experimentation, accurate recording and the growing sense of the artist in himself and his surroundings. The environment began to abandon its symbolism in favor of the new worldly ideas as in sample 2, Chapter IV contains the conclusions and the most important: 1 - The ecological character that connects the artist with the environment and the environment is controversial depends on the artist's understanding of the environment and imaginative visions of it and its potential in the exploitation of the environment to achieve the needs of living and spiritual artist in a constant effort to develop an artistic formula aesthetic creative achievement achieved through A balance with the environment with all its plant, animal, human and animal assets. 2 -Ecology in the technical phenomena as an experimental reality shows through the artist 's experience with the environment and his quest to adapt them in line with the artistic and aesthetic solutions that feed on the cultural context or that extend its roots to other civilizations. Ecology is an effective intellectual structure derived from the same artist to create a balance with its physical environment And cultural issues.</p> <p>The research ended with recommendations and a list of sources</p> Ghassag Hassan Muslim Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 303 315 Functions of Compliance Officer In Banks (A Study Comparative( مهام مراقب الامتثال في المصارف (دراسة مقارنة) <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>That&nbsp; compliance monitor&nbsp; he administrator about censorship on bezel commitment the bank laws and systems and instruction compliance monitor&nbsp; prepare one banking&nbsp; supervision authorities through this hinged link between the bank and the center bank hinged link supply the center bank reports and information required to make sure you achieve the basic goal of establishing a compliance function it is a sure commitment the bank has laws and instructions issued by the central bank&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;The compliance monitor shall perform various tasks that vary according to the direction to which he is responsible the functions of the compliance monitor shall be divided into the functions of the compliance monitor to wards the direction of the banking administration these functions shall be performed by the compliance auditor for the benefit of the board of directors and its executive management and the other departments of the bank to verify the compliance of all departments with the bank compliance with the direction of banking activities the banks carry out many activities that must be in accordance with the laws and regulations governing banking the bank s failure to comply with the laws when performing banking activities leads to the risk of non compliance those that have a negative impact on the bank may reach the degree of withdrawal of the banks license or bankruptcy.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Taif Khalid Ali Ibrahim Ismail Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 316 340 Stylistic Structuralism in the Literature of Imam Al-Jawad (peace be upon him) أسلوبية البنية الاتساعية في أدب الإمام الجواد() <p>The common structure contributes to the semantic expansion.Generating the abilities of the winner of the production of linguistic meanings bull produced in the text surprising and surprising affect the forum. And similar structures give the text stylistic power stylistic,to strengthen the meaning in mind.As for the structure of the canonical,it is a means of producing meaning that reveals the meaning of the Imam's literature in the light of the gesture and the signal because it conveys the meaning of the semantic product in the text to the meaning of meaning.</p> Muthanna Abdulrasul Mughir Mena Reza Kazem Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 341 358 The White Revolution and its Impact on the Development of Education in Iran(1963-1973) الثورة البيضاء وأثرها في تطوّر التعليم في إيران 1963-1973م <p>This research talks about the White Revolution in Iran, which was launched as a reformist revolution by the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in 1963. The education sector was one of those aspects of the reforms, which helped to expand and increase the number of primary and secondary schools and universities. During the decade 19631973, the construction of many educational institutions and increase the numbers of students and teachers and the opening of literacy schools to eradicate illiteracy in most cities and villages of Iran, as well as the printing of new curricula commensurate with the developments in the country after the White Revolution</p> Naeem Jassem Mohammed Israa Abbas Abed Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 359 377 Abstract Orientation in Industrial Product Design التوجه التجريدي في تصميم المنتج الصناعي <p>The objective research (abstract orientation in the design of the industrial product) seeks through this study to examine the reciprocity of the relationship between the technical schools and the design of the industrial product. The study is summarized in five chapters:</p> <p>The first chapter deals with the topic of presenting what is the reason for seeking to delve into this type of research, where the importance of research has emerged through the exchange of the influence of the relationship practiced by the technical schools in the process of designing the industrial product and the extent of its effect as a shroud that involves in achieving its performance. Hence, the research problem emerged in the effectiveness of the exchange of roles of influence between teacher and producer curricula. The chapter also included the purpose of the study and the limitations of research, and also specifically the terminology involved in the subject of the study.</p> <p>The second chapter includes the conceptual framework of the research, which includes the study of abstraction as a philosophical concept, and then the concept of abstraction in art (abstract school), as well as the role of abstraction in the design of the industrial product. As well as the designer's relationship to abstract, product and abstract.</p> <p>The third chapter contains the main axes of analysis in light of the school's abstract tendencies:</p> <p>. Formal system of industrial product.</p> <p>. Functional efficiency of the industrial product.</p> <p>. Industrial product and abstraction.</p> <p>The fourth chapter included the analysis of two models chosen to reach the goal of the research.</p> <p>The fifth chapter includes the results of analysis of the models and conclusions reached by the study, which were the most important:</p> <p>The art of industrial design is a synthetic art that is open to the possibility of combining technical curricula through the ability of the designer mental and design in design with emphasis on the functional objective.</p> Ahmed Talib Lilo Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 378 392 A Study of Sports Marketing in Directorate of Youth and Sports in the Province of Babylon دراسة التسويق الرياضي بمديرية الشباب والرياضة في محافظة بابل <p>The researcher studied the importance of sports marketing for the employees of the Directorate of Youth and Sports in Babil Governorate. In order to identify the importance of sports marketing for the employees of the Directorate of Youth and Sports in Babil Governorate, the researcher used the descriptive approach. Babil Governorate, with 20 individuals for the survey sample and 60 persons for the basic study sample.</p> <p>The most important results were the interest in establishing the logo or the logo of the Directorate of Youth and Sports in Babil province and attracting companies and businessmen to adopt a team or a player and to promote good publicity for their tournaments in order to develop their income with an official film as a means of advertising. In order to benefit from the purpose of advertising and marketing facilities, halls and stadiums of the Directorate of Youth and Sports in times of its activities. In addition to the above, the media coverage of sporting events is a catalyst for financiers, If it is necessary to use sports marketing that is in line with the latest technology in the field of sports marketing, including the establishment of sites on the Internet so easy to visit each person to follow up news and marketing tournaments and knowledge of its activity.</p> Mohanad Fadhil Obayes Hudhiafa Ibrahim khlal Sanaa Razzaq Abbas Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 393 404 Sociology of Literature in Translated Book (foundations, premises and schools) علم اجتماع الادب في الكتب المترجمة (الاسس والمنطلقات والمدارس) <p>The main objective of preparing this research is to trace the origins of the sociology of literature as a basis for its foundations, its staff, its scientists, its authors and its procedures, from the books translated into Arabic exclusively, which led me to research and return to social and philosophical studies. For literary studiesn.</p> <p>The study focused on the most important advocates of Marxist thought such as Cadill, Machiri, Foucault, Marx and other German thinkers, such as Horkheimer, Markus and Eric Frum, and others. During this research and the most important that the sociology of literature crystallized by Westerners until tomorrow independent science and a critical approach to his weight and effective impact in the analysis of texts according to external influences and the study stressed that the advocates of MnjTa'adi consider the creator a member of the community and can be studied as a social organism with all its surrounding phenomena.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Mohammed Jassim Mohammed Abbas Al - Husseini Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 405 417 Translation of Religious Texts: Challenges and Solutions (With emphasis on Persian and Arabic) ترجمة النُّصوص الدّينيّة: التّحديات والحلول «تأكيدًا علي اللغتين الفارسية والعربية» <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Religious texts are a charter of human life all over the world. They lead to optimal guidance and increase happiness and human success in the Hereafter. In addition to its spiritual aspects, as well as its full contents of moral, social and cultural points of view, it is able to protect against the harm and serious harm suffered by people, particularly in the cultural sphere.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Changes may occur in the translation of religious texts where their value is reduced: either deliberate or natural result of each translation process and may have a significant negative impact on them if a standard study does not lead to serious obstacles.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">According to studies and research studied, it seems that the most important challenges faced by the interpreters of the sacred and religious texts, especially the Holy Quran, is the search for finding the equivalent of religious terms, especially Islamic, and the absence of the development of specialized academic and academic curricula in their fields and the absence of their systematic method of translation.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">The results and conclusions in this study indicate that critics, translators, researchers and religious scholars should discuss ways of dealing with each other to raise the problems, anxieties and fears arising from the disappearance of the translation of religious texts from the scientific community, so that these translations provide scientific methodology within the reach of the addressee, May degenerate into translation tasks.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">In this study, the researcher is interested in the future vision and focuses on the challenges of translating religious texts, the problems faced by translators and the formulation of solutions and effective ways out of this daily chaos.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">In view of the above, perhaps the most important goal of the author of this study is to stimulate researchers, translators and officials mentally intellectual translation of religious texts, and this opportunity to open the contract and the complexities in this area finally.</span></p> <p class="Normal1" style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-indent: 27.0pt; line-height: 14.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> Mohammad Hassan Taqiyeh Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 27 3 418 431 Emotional Analysis of Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights التحليل العاطفي لرواية مرتفعات وذرينغ للكاتبة املي برونتي <p>There are few first novels that have aroused much argument such as the novel of Wuthering heights which were concentrated on images, style or arrangements. In spite of the novel has annoyed and angered Victorians, contemporary critics have been talking about the quality of the novel's structure and Emily Brontë's dynamic and trained treatment of feeling. A novel arises through the author's genius, and readers in touch with the imaginable world of novels through its style. Thus, in order to understand fictional texts, studying and analyzing language closely is an important condition. Passionate examination is utilized as a diagnostic instrument to see text patterns and their importance. It depends on factual information that demonstrate how language, vocabulary, and construction are used to achieve an elucidation of the content. Wuthering Heights offers a diversification of styles. In terms of style and emotion, long before her time, Brontë gave her a more appropriate form to illustrate her subject and her thoughts adequately. This article, then, is an endeavor to find what draws attention to Bronte's emotional style.</p> Ali Jassim Mohamed Elgaili Mhgoub Ahmed Fadl Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 3 432 439 Achievement among Fifth Grade Pupils in General Science in Babylon Governorate اثر طريقة العصف الذهني في التفكير الابداعي والتحصيل لدى تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة العلوم العامة في محافظة بابل <p>The research aims to</p> <p>1-Detection of the impact of brainstorming method in creative thinking among fifth grade primary school girls in Hilla Girls School.</p> <p>2-and the detection of the impact of brainstorming method in collection.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;In order to achieve this research and its hypotheses, the researcher: A- Creative Thinking Test: The measurement of creative thinking in the students of the two research groups required a tool that meets this purpose. Therefore, the researcher used a ready scale, the Torrance test (1974), and the researcher merely found his reliability and reliability. Achievement test: Measuring the achievement of students of the two research groups in the science subject required an achievement test, and because the researcher did not get a ready choice that measures the level of achievement in the science subject, the researcher constructed an achievement test for the purposes of the research. The effect of brainstorming method in improving the creative thinking of fifth grade students in science. Brainstorming has encouraged fifth-grade students and motivated them to learn by brainstorming and building on others' ideas.This has helped to develop their creative thinking. A brainstorming effect has improved the achievement of fourth-grade students in science. The method of brainstorming took into account the individual differences between the pupils by opening the door for discussion and expressing opinions without criticism and making pupils the center of the educational-learning process, which helped pupils to acquire the required information and skills, thus improving their academic achievement.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Wafaa Abdul Razzaq Anbaki Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 3 440 513 Explanatory Mechanisms of the Scholars of the Solution: A Study of the Balance Between the Explanatory Interpretation of the Interpretation of IbnIdris Al-Hali (d.790) الآلياتُ التفسيريةُ عنّد علماء الحلّة دراسة موازنةبين تفسيري منتخب تفسير التبيان لابن <p>The balance of the scientific subjects that aim to make the scientific subject in the balance of weight with faith and acknowledgment of the minds of the owners of these subjects, in the language is: a building indicates the adjustment, and integrity, to show the amount of weight, and lightness, and if we put this on the subject of research can understand the curriculum And the reason for choosing this subject is that this subject is based on the balance between these two valuable interpretations, because they are organized under one type of interpretation, namely: (abbreviation, and election). In addition, the scholars of Hilla, especially in the interpretation, did not have the light of light. In the Hilla sciences, he highlighted modern principles, but he was absent from interpretation. The study of such interpretations is so important for the revival of the interpretive or linguistic heritage</p> Muhamad Eabbas Naeman Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 3 514 532 A Critical Stylistic Analysis of a Poem in Lamenting Al-Imam Al-Hasan (peace be upon him) <p>Language, as a means of communication, is a pivotal tool for influencing and persuading others as well as changing their ideologies and stances. This is the fulcrum of critical stylistics which addresses the issue of ideology in language. The present study, in this regard, is an attempt to pinpoint and set forth the sundry devices that manifest in a poem by Mehdi Janah Al-Khadimi in lamenting Al-Imam Al-Hasan (peace be upon him) and show how these devices reflect the ideology of the poet and contribute to the critical interpretation of the text. In other words, the study is based on the following research questions: (1) What is critical stylistics? (2) What are the obvious critical stylistic devices in the poem under perusal? (3) Are the lime lighted devices worthy for reflecting the poet's ideology and interpreting the poem critically?</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Nesaem Mehdi Al-Aadili Ahmed Rawdhan Salman Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 3 541 533 Promoting and Developing Consciousness of Human Rights:New Prospects and Perceptions تعزيز وتنمية الوعي بحقوق الانسان: افاق وتصورات جديدة <p>This study discusses one of the most important topics related to human rights, which is the subject of promoting and developing human rights awareness. The subject of human rights in the present time is at the forefront, and the developed nations are not measured by the percentage of learners, or the level of income per capita, and the amount of available factories And the level of services provided such as (housing, means of communication, mobility, health, etc.), but the extent of interest in non-material aspects, such as the availability of fair systems, litigation rights, and the extent to which states provide their members with the freedom to express their ideas and opinions, and to ensure those freedoms. Of violation, Alos It is possible to enhance the level of awareness of individuals of their fundamental rights.</p> Khamees Hazam Wali Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 3 542 572