JOURNAL OF UNIVERSITY OF BABYLON for Pure and Applied Sciences https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>J</strong>OURNAL of <strong>U</strong>NIVERSITY of <strong>B</strong>ABYLON for Pure and Applied Sciences, (<span style="color: #008000;"><strong>JUBPAS</strong></span>) is an official journal of the University of Babylon for Pure and Applied Sciences in Iraq established in 1995.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><strong>JUBPAS</strong> is a scientific peer-reviewed open access journal publishing high-quality research and review papers at the forefront of modern research describing significant developments in Pure and Applied Sciences.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Online ISSN:&nbsp;<a href="https://extranet.issn.org/resource/issn/2312-8135" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: #3366ff;"><strong>2312-8135</strong></span></a></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Print ISSN:&nbsp;<a href="https://extranet.issn.org/resource/issn/1992-0652" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: #3366ff;"><strong>1992-0652</strong></span></a></span></p> University of Babylon en-US JOURNAL OF UNIVERSITY OF BABYLON for Pure and Applied Sciences 1992-0652 Analysis of a Mathematical Model in a Food Web System Containing Scavenger Species https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2613 <p>In this paper, the dynamics of scavenger species &nbsp;in a web food model&nbsp; incorporating time delay and&nbsp; prey harvesting&nbsp; is formulated mathematically. Boundednes of all &nbsp;solutions of the model carried out. The existence as well as stability analysis of all possible positive equilibrium points are discussed. Also, we proved that under certain time delay, our model exhibits a subcritical Hopfbifurcation. Furthermore, to confirm our analytical finding, we studied numerical simulation for the model.</p> Hawsar Ali HR Arkan N. Mustafa Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 1 15 Effect of Pregnancy Resulting from Hormonal Treatment for Estrus Synchronization in the Blood and Metabolic Changes in Local Ewes https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2614 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This study was conducted in animal farm and laboratories of the&nbsp; Technical Animal &nbsp;Production Department of Al-Mussaib Technical College during period from 20/9/2018 to 20/4/2019 to investing the effect of pregnancy that resulting from hormonal treatments to estrus synchronization in the blood and metabolic changes in local ewes, the study include twenty ewes with age &nbsp;ranged from 2-4 years, and randomly were &nbsp;distributed in two groups sub groups 10 ewes for each group. for the first group, estrus synchronization&nbsp; were done by injection of the Prostaglandin (PGF2α) &nbsp;hormone &nbsp;using 500 IU with 10 days time difference for. While for the second group intravaginal&nbsp; progesterone sponges containing 10 mg of fluorogestone acetate (FGA) were putted&nbsp; for 12 days period of&nbsp; time , The ewes of the two groups were injected with 500 IU of equine chorionic gonadotropin(eCG) &nbsp;after the sponges were removal. The ewes were naturally mated with high fertility (ram / 10 ewes). The blood samples were Collected for each month and stored at -20C° until assayed. The obtained &nbsp;results indicated that &nbsp;the months of pregnancy had significantly effect (p &lt;0.05) in the &nbsp;average concentration of glucose, total protein, packed cell volume (PCV), and hemoglobin when the hormone Prostaglandin is used as well as months of pregnancy had &nbsp;&nbsp;a significant effect (p &lt;0.01) for total protein, cholesterol, packed cell volume (PCV) and hemoglobin when&nbsp; Vaginal sponges were used. &nbsp;</p> Hadeel. A. Abed Sarah J. Zamil Ban. M. Sahib Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 16 25 The Synergistic Effect of Two Kinds of Insecticide in Water Flea Daphnia pulex https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2616 <p>This study aimed to investigate synergistic effect of two kind of insecticide colti 5 and cypermethrin as a mixture pesticide in a volume ratio (1:1) on <em>D. pulex </em>individuals by using different concentrations (0.002, 0.0002, 0.00002) mg/l from it. Which the results appeared that percentage of mortality for <em>D. pulex </em>individuals was (80, 66, 30) % with LC<sub>50 </sub>(0.00015) mg/l after 24 hours from exposure to different concentration respectively. While the percentage of mortality for <em>D. pulex </em>individuals was (95, 80, 60) % with also LC<sub>50 </sub>(0.00015) mg/l after 72 hours from exposure to different concentration respectively. The results observation showed that the activity, size and egg sacs were different among the concentration that used compared to control. The results showed a significant difference in level of probability (0.05), and a positive correlation coefficient between percentage of mortalities and concentrations.</p> May Hameed Mohammad AL-Dehamee Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 26 34 Laplace Adomian Decomposition and Modify Laplace Adomian Decomposition Methods for Solving Linear Volterra Integro-Fractional Differential Equations with Constant Multi-Time Retarded Delay https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2688 <p>In this work, we present Laplace transform with series Adomian decomposition and modify Adomian decomposition methods for the first time to solve linear Volterra integro-differential equations of the fractional order in Caputo sense with constant multi-time Retarded delay. This method is primarily based on the elegant mixture of Laplace transform method, series expansion method and Adomian polynomial with modifications. The proposed technique will transform the multi-term delay integro-fractional differential equations into some iterative algebraic equations, and it is capable of reducing computational analytical works where the kernel of difference and simple degenerate types. Analytical examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed methods.</p> Shazad Shawki Ahmed Miran B. M. Amin Shokhan A. Hamasalih Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 35 53 The Role of IL-4 and IL-10 among Chronic Hepatitis Patients https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2691 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hepatitis viruses are common cause of viral hepatitis, it has a varied distribution among people, it has more than five common types: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E. Hepatitis B,C,&amp;D occurred by parenteral route. Hepatitis E occurres specially in pregnant women by feco-oral route. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) protect human hepatocellular cell line from apoptosis and suppresses the expression and replication of hepatitis B virus. Exposure to HCV antigens increased L-10 production by polymorphonuclear cells and T cells.</p> <p><strong>Aim of study:</strong> To monitor the significance of IL-4 and IL-10 among patients with chronic HBV and HCV, to find the frequency of confirmed hepatitis virus in Babylon City and to compare between their percentages and possible cause of transmission and method to prevent it</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> A total number of 18 patients for each group of hepatitis B and C were taken to estimate of IL-4 and IL-10 which compared with 14 apparently healthy control group in Central Public Health Lab/ Babylon during the period from January-June, 2008.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed highly significant decrease in IL-4 in both groups in comparison to control group while IL-10 showed highly significant increase in both group in comparison to control group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Immune factors are essential in the consequence of chronic HBV and HCV infection. Serum IL4 might be used as a laboratory parameter to indirectly assess liver damage instead of invasive histopathological examination. IL-10 might influence HCV and HBV infections susceptibility due to its anti-inflammatory action. IgG4 might further aggravate the disease course of HBV and HCV infection caused by IL-10.</p> Raed F. Al-Jobouri Raheem Taema Abeas Ama'al Merza Hassan Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 54 65 Giardia Lamblia and Giardiasis https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2745 <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><em>Giardia lamblia</em> is widespread enteric protozoan parasite of human and other mammals . Prevalence data suggest that 200 million people are infected with Giardia lamblia. The parasite has been discovered by van Leeuwenhoek in 1961. Life cycle of <em>G.lamblia</em>&nbsp; has two stages trophozoite and cyst of which trophozoite is the pathogenic stage and cyst is infective stage and both of them found in fecal material of patient with giardiasis. The parasite transmitted mainly by oral –fecal route .Giardia infection which is characterized by malabsorbtion of small intestine and fatty diarrhea &nbsp;. Pathogenicity of Giardia trophozoite occurs due to direct damage of intestinal lining or mechanical blockage of intestinal villi and absorption. Identification of parasite is based on recognized of trophozoite and cyst microscopically and also by detection of antigen from fecal sample .ELISA test ,Direct flurescentantibody test and PCR test are also helpful ,Giardia infection can be effectively treated by metronidazole as primary stapes of treatment.</p> Maani Seher Abid AL-kahfaji Zainab H. Alsaadi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 27 5 66 74 Effect of Foliar Application of Boron and Seed Scarification on Some Vegetative Growth and Yield of Broad Bean Vicia Faba L. Local Var. https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2746 <p>A field experiment was conducted for the 2017/2018 agricultural season in the area of ​​Yusufiya (20 km south of Baghdad governorate) to study the effect of boron&nbsp; spraying and seed pretreatment before planting on growth and yield of <em>Vicia Faba </em>var<em> faba</em>. The study included two factors representing 4 levels of boron (0 , 25 , 50 , and 75 mg.L<sup>-1</sup>), three methods of seeds pretreatment&nbsp; before planting (seeds without treatment, soaking the seeds for 24 hours with water, soaking the seeds with water for 12 hours and scratching their cover) , RCBD&nbsp; where used with three replicates , the results show:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;There were significant differences between levels of boron spray and seed pretreatment method and their interaction on the positive effect on growth parameters and yield studied. The high levels of boron spraying led to early flowering , maturity and significant increase in plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, leaf area, chlorophyll content&nbsp; percentage of dry matter, total number of&nbsp; pods&nbsp; per plant, the number of seeds per pod, weight of 100 seeds and the yield of plant compared to the treatment without spraying, the treatment of&nbsp; boron spray&nbsp; (75 mgm. L<sup>-1</sup> ) gave low values to 50% flowering&nbsp; 90.8 days, maturity first pod of 98.5 days, while gave the highest average to growth and yield above was 72.67 cm, 6.10 branch, 84.97 leaf , 1006.03 cm<sup>2</sup>, 44.03 spad ,&nbsp; 30.54% , 22.40 pod per plant , 4.75 seed per pod , 198.55 gm ,&nbsp; and 220.54 gm respectively, while the pretreatment of soaking the seeds with water before planting for 12 hours and scratching their cover gave the lowest period to 50% flowering&nbsp; 91.68 days and 101.88 days&nbsp; to pod maturity and&nbsp; highest average was 74.60 cm, 6.08 branches, 94.53 leaf,1093.67 cm<sup>2</sup> ,&nbsp; 44.43 spad , 29.30%,&nbsp; 20.26 pod.plant<sup>-1</sup> , 4.88 seeds.pod<sup>-1</sup> ,&nbsp; 205.56 g , and 214.39 g respectively. While the interaction treatment&nbsp; (spray boron 75 mg.L<sup>-1</sup>&nbsp; + seed soaking with water to 12 hours) gave&nbsp; less period to flowering and pod&nbsp; maturity and highest values to above growth and yield parameters.</p> Sabah Lateef Assi Mohameed Tarkhan Hameed K. Abdul-Ameer Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 75 87 Theoretical Study of Solvent Effects on 1,3- Dipolar Cycloaddition Reaction https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2747 <p>In the present study the regression analysis of the rate constant k <sup>15</sup>with solvent parameters, for two sets of 1,3-dipolarcycloaddition reactions were done. The first was the reaction azomethine 1 with cyclooctyne 2, ynamine 3 and dimethyl acetylenecarboxylate (4) in different nonprotic solvents. The second were the reactions of the nitrones 5 and 6 with dipolarophile 7. Semiempirical calculations (PM3) were done for the reactants. The resulting quantum descriptors HOMO-LUMO and the transition state quantum descriptors (LUMO<sub>dipolarophile</sub> - HOMO<sub>dipole</sub> (HdL) and LUMO<sub>dipole </sub>– HOMO<sub>dipolarophile</sub> (LdH)) were plotted against solvent parameters, in order to obtain predictive computational models. Good to excellent correlations were obtained for these reactions. The multiparameteric models obtained were corrected for collinearity&nbsp;&nbsp; by using Ridge regression.</p> Abdulkhalik S. Alkazzaz Mohammed Q. Hasan Hiba N. Sami Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 88 101 The Degree of the Influence of the Internal Environment on the Organizational Commitment of the Staff of Al-Istiqlal University https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2748 <p>This study aims to recognize the level of the influence of the internal environment on the organizational commitment of the staff of Al- Istiqlal University. The internal environment is one of the most important elements of organizational commitment in the work environment. The study also seeks to identify the level of influence of organizational structure and organizational culture on the organizational commitment of the employees of Al- Istiqlal University. This study has many recommendations and provide the university with feedback on the researched topic, which will benefit and enrich the university experience in improving organizational commitment levels.</p> <p>A random sample was selected from the university employees. This sample is (183) of the study population (347), In order to achieve the objectives of the study. The researchers used the analytical descriptive method and the questionnaire was used as the main tool for data collection. The results of the study show that the level of the influence of the organizational structure on the organizational commitment achieved an arithmetic mean (4.12), and a standard deviation (629.). This is a high percentage, while the level of influence of the organizational culture of the university staff on the organizational commitment achieved an arithmetical mean (3.99), and a standard deviation (660.). This is a high percentage, with statistically significant differences in the level of influence of the organizational culture on the organizational commitment of university employees this according to the gender variable in favor of males over females.</p> <p>Based on these results, the study recommended the need for further research and studies on the impact of the internal environment and its dimensions in achieving the organizational commitment to come out with more recommendations that will enhance the role of higher education institutions in achieving their duties and objectives.</p> Raja Swaidan Saed Hamed Abu Adwan Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 102 127 The Consistency of Moving Twins Measurements in Spatially Closed Universe https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2750 <p>The ordinary twin paradox is a problem of ageing of two twin observers A and B, B travels with a relativistic speed and returns back to A where A is at rest. According to each twin's calculation, if each considers itself at rest, the other would be younger at the end of the trip. This is paradoxical, in fact the paradox appears due to the accelerating of the travelling twin (B) and so that B will be younger at the return point. This paradox has been resolved by T. Dray by doing the calculation in a closed cylindrical universe, were the acceleration problem has been resolved for the travelling twin. This means that the travelling (faster) twin will be younger no matter which twin performed the calculation. In the present calculation we have shown if both twins are travelling with a relativistic speed in such universe and the faster twin (B) made the calculations. The result will always shows that the faster twin will have less proper time. This result is consistent with that of T. Dray, when one twin is at rest and other is moving.</p> Halo A. Abdulkhalaq Rawand H. Abdullah Hazhar A. Rasull Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 128 134 Measuring the Levels of Leptin and Serotonin Associated with Obesity in Adult Men in Hilla City, Iraq. https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2751 <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of this study is to estimate the serum level leptin and serotonin in adult men according to the characteristics of anthropometric measurements as well as to investigate its relationship with leptin and serotonin levels.</p> <p><strong>Methods and procedures:</strong> This study included ninety-eight adult men volunteers, whose ages ranged between (20-50) years. The blood samples were taken between 8:30 and10:30 o'clock in morning. The ELISA kit has been used to assay the serum levels of leptin and serotonin hormones. The research population has been classified according to the anthropometric measurements, such as; the body mass index (BMI), the waist circumference (WC) and the percentage of body fat (BF%) which is calculated by a special formula.</p> <p><strong>The results</strong> showed a significant increase (p&lt;0.01) in the serum level of leptin hormone in obese groups in a comparison with the control groups, whereas there is a significant decreased (p&lt;0.05) in the serum level of serotonin hormone in obese groups compared to the control groups. Furthermore, a significant negative correlation (p&lt;0.03) between the serum leptin and serotonin is noticed.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> we concluded that there is a negative correlation between the serotonin (5- hydroxy tryptamine ,5-HT) hormone and obesity, for whenever the obesity increases, the level of the serotonin in the blood decreases. The leptin hormone, on the other hand, has a positive correlation with obesity. Therefore, the correlation between these two hormones is negative.</p> Ghadeer Hamid AL-Ardhi Noran Jameel Ibraheem Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 135 144 Some Inequalities under Random C- Condition https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2752 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In this paper, the notion of random nonexpansive operators&nbsp; is generalized to operators satisfying random &nbsp;condition. Some new properties are obtained in uniformly convex Banach spaces, also well we get result of converge on random operator to random point in Banach space.</p> Sabah Hassan Malih Salwa Salman Abed Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 145 154 Strategic Thinking and its Relation to Outstanding Academic Performance An Analytical Study at the University Al-Qasim Al-Khadra https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2753 <p>The current study has aimed to determine the importance of strategic thinking (organizational perception, assumption leadership, time thinking, strategic thinking, organizational perception, assumption leadership, thinking time, smart opportunities) (The field of growth and educational activities, the financial field, the field of marketing index, the field of operations and activities in the internal environment), to clarify the impact of strategic thinking on outstanding university performance through the strategy of evaluating the performance of human resources "The researcher used the descriptive approach in the form of a survey to suit the nature and objectives of the study." The study was attended by (100) employees and employees of the University of Al-Qasim Al-Khadraa as they responded to the strategic thinking scale and the distinguished university performance measure. (SPSS) The researcher reached a number of results. The results were the correct choice for the institution to get out of the problems and crises that it faces in its work through strategic thinking that gives comprehensiveness in the development of the university performance and puts the correct assumptions in time to seize opportunities Available to the Organization to achieve the strategic goals. There is a variation in the university's adoption of strategic thinking practices. The results of the study show that there is a concern by the university administration about Teams and contribute to the activities of the university and participate in its scientific and community activities, which contributes to the collective participation by the members of the study sample in the decisions, which enhances the work behavior and outstanding performance.</p> Sleema Hadi Musa Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 155 186 Heteropneustes fossilis fish (Bloch, 1794) as a New Host for the Parasite Centrocestus formosanus Phase Excysts Metacercaria for the First Time in Iraq https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2759 <p>Ten fishes of <em>Heteropneustes fossilis</em> had been collect through out the period from the beginning of June tell the end of August of the year 2018C from the fishermen that fishing from Al-mashrooa river one Km from the &nbsp;connecting point with Euphrates River at Al-Musaib region, its weight between 17-58gm and 13.5-21.2 cm length respectively and after dissection and examine it have been isolate the parasite&nbsp; <em>Centrocestus formosanus</em> phase Excysts metacercaria from the gill and it’s isolation for the first time from this fish then it regarded as new hosts in Iraq. <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> Bashar Abdul-Hussain Al-Sa'adi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 187 191 Effects of Voluntary Work on Psychological and Behavioral Treatment of Individuals in Society https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2760 <p>Voluntary work is a practice of positive social behavior, &nbsp;a sense of responsibility and belonging to society. It expresses a distinctive wide-range character, based on social values and benign behaviors such as honesty, trust and cooperation, in this work&nbsp; individuals find themselves and seek to achieve their own interests. In this study, focus&nbsp; on the youth groups are the best age that can be attracted to volunteer work because it has positive behavioral dimensions at the psychological, spiritual and social level. The volunteer is able to acquirement new skills and experiences that return to his behavior and personality to reflect positively on his society.</p> Halla Abdul -Hadi Chabuk Nawfal Amer Salih Al-Khafaji Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 192 198 Sensory Marketing and its Impact in Determining the Behavioral Patterns of Customers https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2761 <p>The aim of the study is to study how to use the marketing dimensions of sensory marketing in its dimensions (visual marketing, taste marketing, tactile marketing, marketing of audio, audio marketing) and the impact on customer behavior patterns (one-dimensional) He was asked the following questions:&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;What is the perception of the employees of the first class restaurants in the holy province of Karbala on the concept and dimensions of sensory marketing What are the most important dimensions of sensory marketing according to the perception of the study sample? 3. What is the perception of the employees of the first class restaurants in the holy province of Karbala about the behavioral patterns of customers and the level of diagnosis? Are the employees of the first class restaurants in the holy city of Karbala aware of the level of relationship between the sensational marketing and behavioral patterns of customers? Is this awareness based on digital indicators reflecting the reality of the situation. Five of the first class restaurants were selected in Karbala governorate for the purpose of conducting field research, namely Sultan Corner Restaurant, Dar Nasrawi Restaurant, Al Shalal Restaurant, Rehana Restaurant and Rotana Hotel Restaurant. (62) questionnaires were useful for statistical analysis (51) questionnaire. In order to achieve these objectives, the research was based on a set of hypotheses, the most prominent of which is: There is a significant correlation relationship between sensory marketing and behavioral patterns For customers,. There is a significant effect of sensory marketing in the behavioral patterns of customers. The researcher reached a number of conclusions, the most important of which is that the term mainly simulates the five senses of customers with the aim of arousing them and motivating them towards the products provided by marketers. In addition, the identification of behavioral patterns of customers is an unavoidable necessity because they And the nature of purchasing decisions as well as the extent of attachment and attendance of the organizations and shops that he always visits, and is determined accurately according to a range of internal factors that relate to the same customer and external, which relate to the environment surrounding the customer. Finally, the researcher is recommended to enhance attention to the dimensions of sensory marketing and to guide the attention of restaurant employees to the research sample to stimulate and stimulate customer senses through the senses (sight, taste, smell, hearing and touch). Relational ties with customers through the management of marketing emotions and personal analysis of the customer&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Zaytoun N. Dhahad Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 199 221 The Impact of Creative Accounting on the Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting Information according to the Joint Project – Exploratory Study https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2762 <p>The research aims to know the concept of creative accounting and the practices used by the management in measuring and disclosing accounting information in the financial statements to achieve its objective. Also, aim to explore the extent to which these practices affect the qualitative characteristics of accounting information identified by the joint venture of FASB &amp; IASB, by establishing the interrelationship between creative accounting practices with the qualitative characteristics and the combined effect of their variables and their branches.</p> <p>The researcher adopted in the theoretical framework and formulating the questions of the research problem and its hypotheses on the deductive approach by using the available resources from Arab and foreign sources of books and previous studies related to the subject of research.</p> <p>In the exploratory study, in order to test hypotheses, the researcher conducted a questionnaire for a sample of academics and professionals to determine the impact of these practices on the qualitative characteristics of the accounting information, and if these characteristics according to the joint venture contribute in one way or another to the reduction of creative accounting practices.</p> <p>The most important conclusion of this study is that the concepts of the qualitative characteristics of the accounting information developed by the FASB and the IASB have been achieved by reconciling the old characteristics of both chambers to improve the quality of accounting information, and to be more relevant to the substance of the information and its value to the decision-maker (Fundamental and Enhancing) not by its nature (primary and secondary). However, from the point of view of research sample respondents from academics and professionals, that the efforts of the joint venture to develop the concepts of qualitative characteristics of the accounting information did not limit the impact of creative accounting practices, where the results of the statistical analysis showed a statistically significant effect of the independent variable; the creative accounting practices in each of Fundamental characteristics; relevance and faithful representation as an dependent variables.</p> Asmaa Mahdi Al-Hashimi Hassan Taher Breiber Mahdi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 222 245 Study the Effect of Cyp19 Gene Polymorphism in Some Genital Hormones and Some Milk Traits in Local Ewes https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2763 <p>This study was carried out for the studying CYP19 gene polymorphism and its effect in concentrations of estrogen and progesterone in local ectopic ewes. Blood samples were collected from ewes in the fields of Husseiniya on the Najaf / Karbala road. In terms of the field side, estrogen concentrations The highest concentration of progesterone (0.5893 ng / ml) and the lowest concentration (ng / ml0.1302) was the isolation of the genetic bundle For the third CYP19 genome of 140 bp and the determination of the structures Genotype). The genotype of the CYP19 gene in the sample of local ewes was 6.25%, 31.25%, and 62.50% for the TT, TC and CC sequences in the sequence. Concentration measurement results Estrogen had a significant effect on the level of P (0.05) in the genotype TT and TC (15,5745,15,4617) respectively, compared with the CC model (14.2362), while there was no significant difference between the TT and TC models. Progesterone significantly exceeded the P00.05 probability level in the Ur model (0.47770) on the genotype TT and CC (0.3288,0.2469). The progesterone concentration of the TT genotype decreased significantly compared with TC and CC. The study found that the genetic makeup of the gene CYP19 on the genetic structures of TT and CCW and the polymorphism of CYP19 gene in Exon3 had a significant effect on estrogens and progesterone concentrations. Individuals carrying the genetic makeup of the gene CYP19 were superior to the TT and CC structures in estrogen and progesterone concentrations.</p> Razak Naser Abd Makki Khlaf Hussein Mohanad Jawad Kadhim Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 246 258 The Level of Organizational Justice and its Relation to Achieving Institutional Excellence from the Point of View of Workers in the Directorates of Education. In the Province of Al-Khalil https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2764 <p>The study aimed to identify the level of organizational justice and its relation to achieving institutional excellence from the point of view of workers in the directorates of education in Hebron, according to the variables:(gender, age, scientific qualification, job title, years of service and Directorate). To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher used the descriptive approach. The sample consisted (103) employees, distributed a questionnaire consisting(57) paragraphs, (33) paragraphs to measure organizational justice and (24) to measure the measure of institutional excellence. The results of the study indicated that the level of organizational justice and the level of institutional excellence in the directorates of education in Hebron governorate was average in general. The areas of organizational justice were respectively: (interactive justice, distributive justice, evaluative justice, procedural justice), while the areas of institutional excellence were respectively: (leadership excellence, excellence in service delivery, human excellence). The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the level of organizational justice and its role in achieving institutional excellence according to the variables (age, scientific qualification, job title, and Directorate), while differences were found according to gender variables and years of service. Moral significance between organizational justice and institutional excellence. The study issued several recommendations, the most important of which are:(Modifying the prevailing procedures and laws in order to raise the level of organizational justice and work on developing an effective system of incentives and the need to reward outstanding employees).</p> Sameer Suleiman Aljamal Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 259 284 The Effect of Some Chemical Contaminants on Chloride Pollutant in Tigris River in Maysan Province https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2765 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; This study deals with the problem of chemical and physical pollution of water and how to treat it by analyzing the data obtained statistically, and build statistical models linking the concentrations of chemical pollutants in the Tigris River water by estimating the correlation between the percentage of chloride contaminant and some other chemical pollutants, which provides us quick references. The validity of the Tigris River water is determined for its daily use in Maysan governorate. The method used to select the best estimated regression equation using (Backward Elimination) method , to select only those elements of significant effect in order to construct tables of statistical indicators that can be consulted quickly to indicate the suitability of water for daily use.</p> <p>In order to construct a model, we can explain the concentration of chloride ion in the Tigris River. The beneficiary of the estimated equations used to estimate the concentration of chloride ions in water, and to note the risks of the use of this water, the study found significant differences between the average chlorides according to the time of data recording, and exceeded the chloride contaminant International and Iraqi rates are allowed and water is contaminated.</p> Hayder. S. Alwan Al-Zubiady Awad. K. Shaalan AL-Khalidi Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 285 293 Nanomaterial and Laser Induced – Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2767 <p>In the present work, the optical emission spectra of Nano- Copper (Cu) plasma have been recorded and analyzed using the laser induced breakdown spectroscopy technique (LIBS). The emission line intensities and plasma parameters were investigated as a function of laser energy. The electron number density (ne) and electron temperature (Te) were determined using the Boltzmann plot method and McWhirter criterion.</p> Noor Malik Saadoon Nasser Mahdi Hadi Sabah H. Sahaah Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 294 306 A study of Immune Response in Cyprinus carpio Infected with Aeromonas hydrophila and Treated by Alhagi maoururum Powder. https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2768 <p>The research was conducted to estimate the immune response of cyprinuscarpio fishes which are infected with A.hydrophila and treated by Alhagi root powder, for this reason atotal number of 60 fishes were used, those fishes were allotted on 6 treatments, The 1<sup>st</sup> treatment was given 2.5% of Alhagi root powder, The 2<sup>nd</sup> treatment was given 3.0% , The 3<sup>rd</sup>treatment was given 3.5% Alhagi root powder. Mean while the 4<sup>th</sup>treatment was given a control diet with out any supplement but fishes in this treatment were injected by A..hydrophila vaccine, the 5<sup>th</sup>treatment was given a control diet and injected by the normal saline. Moreover the the 6<sup>th</sup> treatment was considered as a control treatment and fed on the control diet. Results showed a significant surpassing (p&lt;0.05)of total protein in fishes due to supplementing the powder of Alhagirooton other treatments. Infection with A.hydrophila induced the highest secondary immune response. The war increase of Melano Macrophage Center in the spleen tissues due to supplementing the powder 3.5% of Alhagi root powder as compared to normal spleen . Alhagi root powder was shown to be expand the immune axis when compared to control.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sarmad J. Jaleel Al-Saady Bashar Abdul-Hussain Al-Sa'adi I.M Shnawa Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 307 315 Algorithm: as Construction of Cayley Graph which Embedded any Graph https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/article/view/2804 <p>C.Delorme gave a proposition of construction of vertex-transitive graph. For this there is a group G and a subgroup H, and a subset A of G. the graph [G,H,A]are constructed. The vertices of graph are the parts of G of the forms xH , their number is the index of H in G.</p> <p>The adjacent of xH are xah where a ЄA when H is reduced to an neuter element of the group. Cayley graph is found and it is associated to group G and the part A .</p> <p>If gЄG , then xHègxH is an automorphism Nihad M. [3] found that there exist an Extension which in (n-1) monomorphic , which contains any binary relation , then Cayley graph is vertex transitive so (n-1) – monomorphic. In this work it is found that an Algorithm as construction Cayley graph which embedded any binary relation, and this Extension perhaps is finite or infinite.</p> Nihad Abdel-Jalil Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of University of Babylon https://www.journalofbabylon.com/index.php/JUBPAS/CopyrightandLicensing 2019-12-08 2019-12-08 27 5 316 319