Main Article Content
Cesarean section rates are increasing globally, mainly in developed countries. The World Health Organization stated that there is no justification to have cesarean section rates higher that 10-15%. Although it is necessary in some cases, but it also has high risks of complications for both woman and fetus. This study is a case-control study conducted on (151) women who had delivered in Babylon Maternity and Pediatrics Teaching Hospital during February 2019, and aims to determine its associated causes and risk factors. Participants aged (17-40) years with a mean age of (27.1 ± 5.9), 106 of them had a normal delivery, while 45 had a cesarean section. Older age was found to be significantly associated with cesarean section (P-value=0.006). Also, significant association was found between cesarean section and each of mother employment, parental education, diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, anemia, history of stillbirth, previous cesarean section, breech presentation, and twin pregnancy (P-value < 0.05).